The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which took place in northern Vietnam in 1954, marked a major turning point in both the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh independence movement and the general position of European colonial powers in South-East Asia. Many French officers were concerned about the potential vulnerability of their position. Only half of them survived the 500-mile journey. Finally, the only French position that had not been overrun was a stronghold named Elaine. The French had established a heavily fortified position with a ring of fortresses, supplied by an airstrip. He also set up masses of anti-aircraft guns on the hills, knowing that if he could prevent French helicopters and supply planes from getting close, he could effectively cut off French supplies. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu A French newspaper from 1954, with the headline ‘Dien Bien Phu is a tomb’. Dien Bien Phu. Hire a subject expert to help you with Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. 8) 930 5206 www. Robbin S. Stephens The contents of the file. In 1956, Diem felt strong enough to refuse the planned elections to untie Vietnam. Chinese materials supported their assault, while the US sent materials to the French. When the British arrived, their general, Gracey, began to organise the return of the French. Besides the four main powers, others attending the conference included; China, Cambodia, Laos, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the State of Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu battle veterans arrive to attend the 60th anniversary celebrations of the Dien Bien Phu battle in the historic city May 7, 2014. As the Viet Cong's powers grew, so did the American support. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The causes of this event are; the division of Vietnam, 1946 and the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. 03, HCMC, Vietnam Tel: (84. Master of Business Administration The famous Dien Bien Phu Battle started on March 13th, 1954 at 5:00 P.M when Viet Minh opened its surprising barrage of artillery into the French camps. When the Viet Minh began artillery bombardment of the French positions in the valley in late January 1954, the French were taken by surprise at the number of artillery pieces the Viet Minh had managed to amass. This attack killed approximately 6,000 people. Not long after, the Americans rocked up but that’s for another time. Ho Chi Minh: North Vietnam Leader Published Online: July 25, 2006 Although the most visible symbol of America's chief enemy in the Vietnam War, Ho Chi Minh was still a. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. They were landed at three drop zones: "Natasha" (northwest), "Octavie" (sout… The French committed about 15,000 men there, of whom about 10,000 were left at the final surrender. General Navarre devised a plan to trap the Viet Minh into attacking the village of Dien Bien Phu. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. This was due to the fact that Diem was a devout Catholic and ardent anti-Communist. The battle of Dien Bien Phu (DBP) was a decisive engagement during the Indochina War (1946-54). Head Office: 184 - 186 - 188 Nguyen Dinh Chieu St, Ward 06, Dist. | History | | The SHS History Co. Shahriar Syed | [The Vietnam War]| Describe why the factors which allowed the North Vietnamese Communist to win a war against a. One by one, French positions began to fall, and Giap established trenches in the valley, which Viet Minh troops occupied. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF … He had gained many enemies, and decided to isolate himself, relying on his family for information. By 1949, Mao Zedong won the civil war in China, meaning Ho Chi Minh now had an ally on the northern border. Dien Bien Phu was a serious defeat for the French and was the decisive battle of the Indochina war. Over the next few months, he succeeded in doing this. Due to the communist control in the North, Vietnam had gained the express attention of the United States. Vietnam was divided at the 17th Parallel into the communist-controlled North Vietnam and democratic South Vietnam. Over the next eight years the French forces and their local allies would suffer around 75,000 casualties, with around 65,000 wounded and 40,000 taken prisoner. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (French: Bataille de Diên Biên Phu; Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ) was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War between the French Union's French Far East Expeditionary Corps and Viet Minh communist-nationalist revolutionaries. About 2,000 lay dead all over the battlefield in graves left unmarked to this day. Causes and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu Examine the causes and consequences and consequences of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954, which affected the lives of the Vietnamese until the 1960's. Less than ten percent of the total French forces in … The French colonial administration, initially confident in their ability to quash what was seen as little more than a peasant uprising, soon realized that the fight was going to be a lot harder and bloodier than they had imagined. With the Chinese nationalists busy fighting a civil war at home in China, Ho Chi Minh's democratic republic was allowed to continue, however, in February 1946, the Chinese nationalists handed northern Vietnam back to the French. Dien Bien Phu was a valley, and the French would not likely hold the high ground, so the hills ringing the valley would put them at a serious disadvantage. During World War II, it was once again occupied, this time by the Japanese. The causes of which were the division of Vietnam in 1946, and the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. It began in November 1953, when French paratroopers seized a small airstrip in Northwestern Vietnam. REQUIRMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF The idea was that a general election would be held in July 1956, at which point the people of Vietnam would vote to decide its fate. Written by frankfob2@yahoo.com Plot Summary | Add … Operations at Dien Bien Phu began at 10:35 on the morning of 20 November 1953. They tunnelled their way into the the French camp and after seven weeks of brutal, intense fighting the French commander; Henri Navarre, ordered a ceasefire. Un avion Douglas C-47 'Dakota' posé sur l'aérodrome de Diên Biên Phu au Viêt Nam dont la piste vient d'être réparée, le 20 novembre 1953. Neither the French nor the Viet Minh like the others' presence in Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu, 1954, was the final battle of the first Indo-China war. Also his firing line was emperor Bao Dai, who he got rid of by rigging a referendum. However, their happy independence did not last long. Bachelor of Commerce, University of British Columbia, 1980 Haven’t found the relevant content? Peace was negotiated via the 1954 Geneva Accord, and France relinquished control of the territory. Only 73 made good their escape from the various shattered strongpoints to be rescued by the pro-French guerrilla units awaiting the… can use them for free to gain inspiration and new creative ideas for their writing assignments. This battle marked the end of both the First Indochina War and the end of European colonial rule in Southeast Asia, and set the stage for the Vietnam War, which would start just over a year later. By the end, conditions in the flooded trenches resembled Passchendaele. Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the decisive engagement in the First Indochina War (1946–54). While these preparations were going on, Giap brought up members of the Vietminh from all over Vietnam. But Diem became even less popular, and his number of enemies grew. The French believed this strategic setting would give them an advantage, but the Viet Minh were clever. A further 8,000 French troops were taken prisoner and were marched on a long and grueling trek through the jungle to various prison camps. The second cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the first Indo-China war, 1946-54. The Allies of WWII agreed that Indo-China should be occupied by the Chinese nationalists, who were fighting the communists at the time, with the South being controlled by the British. The French decided to put the former emperor; Bao Dai, back on the throne, to placate to Vietnamese people. Things were once again how they had been before the Japanese occupation in WWII. Dien Bien Phu Battle Analysis. General Overviews. The Vietnam War, a diplomatic attempt by the. In 1954 the French suffered a humiliating defeat by the Vietminh at the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. A large number of them, in fact, had been supplied by the Soviet Union and communist China. Navarre also quickly found out that his subordinates’ warnings had been correct: at a disadvantage on the valley floor, the French artillery found it difficult to counterattack the Viet Minh positions. Diem promoted members of his family into high government positions, which lead to more of a mess than an organised government. It was fought between the French Union's French Far East … In Operation Castor, the French dropped or flew 9,000 troops into the area over three days. Only a handful of French- or English-language books offer a comprehensive general overview of the battle in Dien Bien Phu. Ho Chi Minh and his fighting force; The Viet Minh, took control of the country. PROJECT SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE After Dien Bien Phu the Americans decided that they would need to up their involvement in Vietnam if they were to stop the spread of Communism. Determined to achieve independence at all costs after decades of foreign subjugation, the Viet Minh started a guerrilla war against the French in December 1946. Dien Bien Phu was situated in a valley in Northern Vietnam, surrounded by mountains. Dien Bien Phu is recognized as one of history's great battles. Find the perfect battle of dien bien phu stock photo. Dien Bien Phu was situated in a valley in Northern Vietnam, surrounded by mountains. Finally on 23 November, 1946, the French planes and ships bombed the Vietnamese section of the Haiphong Port. Their century of colonial rule in Indochina – now Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia – was over. https://phdessay.com/causes-and-consequences-of-the-battle-of-dien-bien-phu/, Mba, Human Resources, Finance, Accounting, Anti War Movement And Impacts On Vietnam War History Essay. The French wanted to reclaim Vietnam as one of their colonies, while the Vietnamese wanted their independence. The Viet Minh's tactic was guerrilla warfare, while the French tried to proceed with a more traditional style of fighting. The French were back in control of the entire country of Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh's forces were prepared to fight to regain the independence they had yearned for for centuries. The battle was fought between the French and the Vietminh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist). This major confrontation occurred at Dien Bien Phu, a large heart-shaped valley located in northwestern … The first Indo-China war was a cause of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it was set up by the French as a way to end the war, although this didn't exactly go to plan. Media in category "Battle of Dien Bien Phu" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. When Japan surrendered in 1945, Vietnam was free for the first time. Without the battle of Dien Bien Phu, who knows how Vietnam would have turned out. On 1 November Diem and his brother fled the presidential palace, but were captured and shot by their own generals. His appointment was a consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it is was a solution to the strong communist presence in the country that resulted from the success of the Viet Minh in the battle. Over the next couple of weeks, Viet Minh bombardment was constant but comparatively light. Dien Bien Phu: the battle that split Vietnam Save 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed subscription France’s catastrophic defeat at Dien Bien Phu in northwest Vietnam in May 1954 ended its hopes of maintaining any influence in Indochina and set the stage for the monumental Vietnam War. After initially trying to hold off the seemingly unstoppable waves of Viet Minh infantry with machine guns, as more French troops fell and the Viet Minh advanced, the final stages of the fight became brutal hand-to-hand combat in the trenches and the ruins of the fortification. Korea was the main focus of the conference until the day after the battle of Dien Bien Phu, at which point the focus changed to Vietnam. This was the end of Diem. The battle occurred between March and … The battle of Dien Bien Phu also had important consequences that affected the lives of the Vietnamese. This Battle Analysis is written to illustrate the importance of logistics to complement tactical decisions with the war fighter on the battleground. CONFERENCING MARKET After almost eight hard, arduous years, in an effort to bring an increasingly destructive war to a decisive close both sides threw absolutely everything they had into what was to be one final, ultimately definitive battle: the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Viet Minh forces overran the French garrison in Dien Bien Phu on May 7, 1954 after a 56-day siege, forcing the French government to abandon its colonial rule in Indochina. 8) 930 0358 Fax: (84. General Giap was preparing for a more concentrated assault, while psychologically wearing down the French. 48 Vitosha Boulevard, ground floor, 1000, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian reg. It consisted of a struggle between French and Viet Minh (Vietnamese Communist and nationalist) forces for control of a small mountain outpost on the Vietnamese border near Laos. By the time the battle was ready to start, Giap had 70,000 soldiers surrounding Dien Bien Phu, five times the number of French … “Holy Grail” Was Discovered in 2015 with $17 Billion Cargo, Concentration Camp Guard Who Hid in US for 75 Years Will Be Deported, U-Boat Wreckage Found – Crew Claimed They Were Attacked by Sea Monster, Seven Fishermen Blown Out of Water by a UXB, Graf Spee Eagle Worth $26 MILLION, Could be Displayed at the 2022 FIFA World Cup, WWII deserters the US Army tried to hide: the 2013 book revealed how gangs of AWOL GIs terrorized Paris with a reign of mob-style violence, Vietnam Green Beret Had 37 Separate Bullet, Bayonet, & Shrapnel Wounds & Still He Carried On Fighting, Have You Heard of The Special Forces Ghost Car That Operated in Bosnia (with video), 5 of WWII’s Most Valuable Treasures Still Missing Today. On April 26, 1954 the conference opened. Vietm Minh try to take the fortified Dien Bien Phu position, French try to stop them. By throwing the bulk of his force so deep into enemy turf, Navarre hoped to strike a crushing blow against the Viet Minh, and ultimately annihilate the majority of their army. Get premium, high … The US was strongly opposed to the idea of a united, communist Vietnam, due to plans such as the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan. STRATEGIC ANALYSIS OF TELUS IN THE CANADIAN Dien Bien Phu was the decisive battle of the First Indochina War. For 55 days over 10,000 French soldiers tried to hold … Due to their strong anti-communist stance, the US decided to back to back Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. The Vietminh were now able to move in close on the French troops defending Dien Bien Phu. The garrison constituted roughly one-tenth of the total French Union manpower in Indochina, [94] and the defeat seriously weakened the position and prestige of the French; it produced psychological repercussions both in the armed … Close to 10,000 captured troops were to begin the grim death march to the Viet Minh prison camps 300 miles to the east. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu, which took place in northern Vietnam in 1954, marked a major turning point in both the First Indochina War between France and the Viet Minh independence movement and the general position of European colonial powers in South-East Asia. These consequences are not directly linked to the battle, but they are consequences of it nonetheless. On March 13 bombardment began in earnest, with intense, focused artillery attacks which were followed by furious infantry assaults. History and images of the well-known battle with the Viet Minh in then French Indochina. When China became involved in the Korean War in 1950, materials ceased to flow into Vietnam, although the Viet Minh were persistant and despite their lack of resources, they continued to fight back. Two of them, Fall 1967 and Rocolle 1968, were strangely published at the same time on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean.More recently, Windrow 2004 and Morgan 2010 … Scholars In March 1954 the French forces, led by General Henri Navarre, fortified a position in the Dien Bien valley, a large basin ringed by jungle-covered hills. Seeing his chance to encircle and crush the French and achieve a decisive victory, General Giap moved as much artillery as he could muster into the surrounding hills. He based this decision on the outcome of an earlier battle, the Battle of Na San in 1952, in which a small but well-armed and fortified French force had defeated a much larger force of Viet Minh troops. His immediate task was to crush his rivals; this included two religious sects; the Cao Dai and Hoa Hao, which he destroyed with military offensives and bribes. An American reporter finds himself in the middle of the 57-day battle of Dien Bien Phu in Vietnam between the French army and the Vietminh, which finally resulted in the defeat and surrender of the French forces and France's eventual withdrawal from Vietnam. Dien Bien Phu was the climax of a bitter and bloody conflict that had been raging for close to eight years in Vietnam, a country that had been passed from hand to foreign hand over the preceding decades. It was decide that Vietnam would be split at the seventeenth parallel, with Ho Chi Minh controlling the communist North and Bao Dai in charge of the capitalist South. This lead to the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as the Viet Minh were angered that their newly gained independence had been stripped away. Tensions were high and war was coming. Sep 25, 2016 - Battle of Dien Bien Phu, 1954. Diem took office on 1 July 1954, he had heavy financial support from the US to help fix Vietnam, much of which has been destroyed in the war. This lead to two opposing groups of Vietnamese fighters. In response to the hatred of Diem, a South-Vietnamese communist movement was organised, they were named the Viet Cong. For a few weeks there were acts of revenge from the Vietnamese, and counter-revenge by the French, until war began on 19 December. IMPORTANT NOTICE: The information in this PDF file is subject to Business Monitor International’s full copyright and entitlements as defined and protected by international law. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. After almost two months of intense fighting in the valley of Bien Dien Phu, the Viet Minh army – a force that consisted largely of poorly-trained but determined peasants – crushed the French army in what historian Jean-Pierre Roux described as “the only pitched battle to be lost by a European army in the history of decolonization.”. vinamilk. (2016, Dec 13). This battle, of which the Viet-minh was victorious, marked the end of the Indochina War (1946-1954), but also that of … General Giap’s forces had scored such a decisive victory that it brought the war to an end. It has been estimated that around 7,900 Viet Minh troops were killed and almost 15,000 wounded. There were also consequences that affected the people of Vietnam, such as; the Geneva conference, 1954 and the appointment of Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu is seen as the decisive battle of the First Indochina War between French troops and the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), a nationalist, pro-Soviet Union movement of Ho Chi Minh. Knowing just how inhospitable and impassable a lot of the jungle terrain around the valley was, Navarre had perhaps imagined that the Viet Minh would be unable to get any major artillery pieces into position in the hills – but again, he had underestimated the almost fanatical determination of the freedom fighters. French couldn't locate Viet Minh's artilleries since all were well camouflaged in shell-proof bunkers and Viet Minh artilleries fired point-blank into the French positions. An uneasy peace would persist, but only for a short while…for just over a year later, the Vietnam War would begin. In February 1954, Britain, France, the USSR and the United States planned a conference to decide the fate of Korea and Indo-China. Dien Bien Phu was a simply dreadful battle, one of the worst for casualties in terms for the numbers of any battle since 1945. Regardless of how many Viet Minh troops they killed, their determined opponents simply refused to give up. Although this film is only an hour long, it's an excellent account of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as well as giving an overview of the events that led up to it, and the subsequent political negotiations and the compromise that eventually led to the involvement of the U.S. in later years. The battle of Dien Bien Phu was a monumental event in Vietnam which decided the fate of Vietnam for the next 50 years. Navarre was confident in the superiority of French firepower and training against the insurgents, but, as had often been the case in this war, he underestimated both the fierce determination of the Viet Minh and the tactical brilliance of their leader, General Vo Nguyen Giap. By this point, war had been on for a duration of six years. At the end of WWII the Viet Minh rejoiced when Japan pulled out of the region – only to have the French return and assert control over the territory once again. With the French back in control of Vietnam, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was crushed. Even so, it became apparent that the Viet Minh vastly outnumbered them. Navarre nonetheless persisted with his plan, and French troops started parachuting into the valley to prepare fortified positions from the end of November 1953. This conference was a consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu, as it signalled the end of French control in Indo-China. Lasting 55 days, the battle had French troops attempt to hold an armed camp against the Viet Minh, who greatly out-numbered them. Bataille de Dien Bien Phu 13 au 15 mars 1954.jpg 2,022 × 3,789; 1.54 MB The Viet Minh victory in this battle effectively ended … The people of Vietnam had 200 days to choose which side of the border to move to and the Viet Minh had 300 days to move back to the North. It was against this fortification and the trenches that surrounded it that Giap threw his full infantry force on May 6th. This declaration was never signed, but was simply a verbal agreement, which was opposed by both the US and the State of Vietnam. In October 1963, the American government cut off some of its aid to Diem’s government. By 1953, the French knew the war had to end, fast. In. These are; the Geneva conference, 1954 and the appointing of Ngo Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. In 1954, French forces in French Indochina sought to cut the Viet Minh's supply lines to Laos. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (French: Bataille de Diên Biên Phu pronounced [bataj də djɛn bjɛn fy]; Vietnamese: Chiến dịch Điện Biên Phủ, IPA: [ɗîəˀn ɓīən fû]) was a climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War that took place between 13 March and 7 May 1954. The fierce battle between around 15,000 French troops and 40,000 Viet Minh guerrillas resulted in around 4,800 French troops wounded, along with 1,600 killed and an equal number missing. From 1887 France had controlled Vietnam, then called French Indochina, but during World War II Japan, in its aggressive push to take control of Asia, took possession of Vietnam. A second consequence of the battle of Dien Bien Phu was the appointing of Nga Dinh Diem as Prime Minister of the State of Vietnam. The losses were even heavier for the Viet Minh, even though they eventually achieved victory: around 200,000 were killed. The French began to recruit Vietnamese soldiers, although they distrusted them greatly. com.. Of all the major wars in which the United States was involved, none have been more controversial than the war in Vietnam. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/causes-and-consequences-of-the-battle-of-dien-bien-phu/, Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Causes and Consequences of the Battle of Dien Bien Phu. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought from March 13 to May 7, 1954, and was the decisive engagement of the First Indochina War (1946-1954), the precursor to the Vietnam War. They had assumed that the Vietminh would be unable to carry heavy artillery into the thick jungle on the surrounding … The Viet Minh, a communist and pro-nationalist resistance group led by Hồ Chí Minh, fought against the Japanese occupation.